Academias Gulbenkian do Conhecimento, co-founded by
Gulbenkian Foundation, nº 222926 (€ 38.000,00) | António J. Santos
This project is aimed at adapting for Portugal, implementing and conducting the preliminary evaluation of the Multi-Component Early Intervention Turtle Program, targeted at behaviourally inhibited/socially reticent preschoolers and their parents.
COPING WITH PAIN THROUGH HYPONOSIS, MINDFULNESS
BIAL Programme for Grants for Scientific Research 2018/2019
n.º 188/18 (€45.000,00) | Alexandra F. Valente
This research project focuses the comparative effectiveness of three psychological and/or spiritual interventions in reducing pain intensity and pain-related stress, and in increasing pain tolerance in a sample of 196 healthy participants with acute experimentally induced pain. The study uses a quantitative experimental mixed-method repeated-measures design.
As part of this study, the research team will: (1) examine the immediate effects of each of the three interventions on pain experience as compared to a control group; (2) compare the relative effects of the three interventions on pain experience; and (3) examine of the mechanisms explaining such effects.
POTION – PROMOTING SOCIAL INTERACTIONS THROUGH EMOTIONAL BODY ODORS
Horizon 2020 Program (€788.645,00/€6.500 000,00) | Gün R. Semin
This is an international research project aimed at studying how human body odours transfer emotions and shape social behaviour. This research is expected to lead to an olfactory-based technology that will analyse the chemical composition of the body odours as well as develop instruments to disperse artificially produced body odours.
This project (POTION) stands out for its innovativeness. It is a unique collaboration between psychologists, experts in wireless body wear, chemists, clinical psychologists, engineers involved in developing odour dispersion systems, among others. It will run for five years and is made up of 10 European partners from eight different countries with complementary profiles (seven research centres from various areas and three companies). Its external committee includes, for example the prestigious MIT (Boston, USA).
CHILDREN’S OBESITY RISK:
THE ROLE OF ATTACHMENT, TEMPERAMENT
FCT PTDC/PSI-GER/29636/2017 (€215.152,00) | Manuela Veríssimo
In this project we’ll examine the interplay between multi-level predictors of children’s weight in preschool children. We will conduct analyses testing hypothesized models of the relations between individual child (temperament,), parent-child (attachment security), and family mealtime (interaction, feeding, eating) factors and patterns of children’s eating behaviors.
SLEEP QUALITY AND
SOCIO EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL
Grant PTDC/MHC-PED/0838/2014 (€157.988,00) | Manuela Veríssimo
This project aims to link both the amount and the quality of sleep to many health-related outcomes for children. We will examine social/emotional and cognitive outcomes associated with sleep duration and quality and test whether such relations are mediated or moderated by attachment security.
ENSURING TEAMWORK EFFECTIVENESS
ETeA I – PROPOLAR 2016-2017; ETeA II – PROPOLAR 2017-2018 |
This project’s goal is to develop a conceptual model of teamwork effectiveness in Antarctica. The project combines qualitative (i.e., interviews; ethnography) and quantitative (i.e., surveys) methods to gather data for science teams and logistic teams spending the summer season in Antarctica (± 3 months). The outcomes of this project will drive future research on teamwork in Antarctica, and the development of planning and intervention policies focused in promoting teamwork in isolated, confined, and extreme work environments such as the Polar Regions, and Space.
A SOCIAL NETWORK APPROACH
TO HUMAN DYNAMICS IN EXTREME WORK ENVIRONMENTS: HOW PERCEIVED SOCIAL ISOLATION, PARANOID THINKING, AND REFLEXIVITY SHAPE TEAM PERFORMANCE IN ANTARCTICA WINTERING TEAMS
AO-2017-Concordia_014_Cantisani | Pedro Marques-Quinteiro
The most critical difficulties that humans will face during long duration spaceflights may be of psychological and psychosocial nature. This research project aims to gain a dynamic understanding (i.e., multilevel, and longitudinal) of how individual psychological attributes and team processes influence within-and between-team interactions in isolated and confined extreme work environments. To achieve this goal, we will apply social network theory and cutting-edge Sociometric badge technology to investigate how loneliness -defined as perceived social isolation –impacts the development of feelings of suspiciousness and mistrust. Participants will be science teams enrolled in one Antarctica Winter Campaign (± 9 months).
TUNING COGNITIVE PROCESSING TO
THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN
SPREADING OF THOUGHTS AND CONTROL
FCT PTDC/PSI-GER/28850/2017 (€233.827,00) | Teresa Garcia-Marques
One of the earliest findings in social psychology was that performance is modulated by the social nature of a given context. The mere presence of others has been shown to improve (facilitates) or impair (inhibits) performance.
Our research offers new insights to this effect by focusing on how social presence modulates the interplay between the associative and monitoring thinking promoting matching to individual and context features. This “tuning processing approach” is supported by our research showing mere social presence tunes earlier attention processes, increasing the scope of individual’s attention to internal and external information and that social presence tunes attention to monitoring mechanisms allowing for better control of undesirable interferences.
In this project we explore the interplay between these two processes: higher attention to our environment (increasing the likelihood of adaptive responses) and a more active role for the executive control so as to select what is relevant to our current goals and guaranteeing an adaptive reaction. We further show that by understanding how the mind is tuned to social and non-social contexts, we will be able to offer new insights on how/when prejudiced reactions emerge and will advance our knowledge about the ways to control food intake in both isolated and social contexts.